About Hanuman Ji
Hanuman is a Hindu god and an ardent devotee of Rama. He is a central character in the Hindu epic Ramayana and its various versions. He is also mentioned in several other texts, including Mahabharata, the various Puranas and some Jain texts. A vanara, Hanuman participated in Rama’s war against the demon king Ravana. Several texts also present him as an incarnation of Lord Shiva. He is the son of Anjana and Kesari, and is also described as the son of Vayu, who according to several stories, played a role in his birth. Hanuman birth name Maruti was given by the 3 shakti’s : Goddess Parvati, Goddess Lakshmi and Goddess Saraswati.
Etymology and other names
Indonesian Balinese wooden statue of Hanuman
The Sanskrit texts mention several legends about how Hanuman got his name. One legend is that Indra, the king of the deities, struck Hanuman’s jaw during his childhood (see below). The child received his name from the Sanskrit words Hanu (“jaw”) and -man (or -mant, “prominent” or “disfigured”). The name thus means “one with prominent or disfigured jaw”. Another theory says the name derives from the Sanskrit words Han (“killed” or “destroyed”) and maana (pride); the name implies “one whose pride was destroyed”. Some Jain texts mention that Hanuman spent his childhood on an island called Hanuruha, which is the origin of his name.
According to one theory, the name “Hanuman” derives from the proto-Dravidian word for male monkey (ana-mandi), which was later Sanskritized to “Hanuman” (see historical development below). Linguistic variations of “Hanuman” include Hanumat, Anuman (Tamil), Anoman (Indonesian), Andoman (Malay) and Hunlaman (Lao). Other names of Hanuman include:
Anjaneya, Anjaniputra or Anjaneyudu or Hanumanthudu (Telugu), all meaning “the son of Anjana”.
Anjaneyar, used widely by Tamilians.
Kesari Nandan (“son of Kesari”)
Marutinandan (“son of Marut”) or Pavanputra (“son of wind”); these names derive from the various names of Vayu, the deity who carried Hanuman to Anjana’s womb
Bajrang Bali, “the strong one (bali), who had limbs (anga) as hard as a vajra (bajra)”; this name is widely used in rural North India.
Sang Kera Pemuja Dewa Rama, Hanuman, the Indonesian for “The mighty devotee ape of Rama, Hanuman”